The question of citing & referencing the information in your research is one of the most important things in scholarly writing. Even unintentional failure to quote the author of the original material may result it accusations of plagiarism, which is an act of taking someone else’s ideas and trying to pass them as your own. In order to avoid this situation, scholars should reference their sources appropriately. Professional researchers at ozessay.com.au, an Australian writing company, researched the case and here is what they found.
Citation and referencing depend on the type of work that you are writing. It also depends on the expectations of your instructor and the style with which you use the borrowed material. You must decide on how you are required to identify your sources. If the sources are important to your research work and ideas, you must mention the author and their work in the introductory sentence of your citation. Nonetheless, if your citation is meant to make a minor point, you should use parenthetical references, endnotes, and footnotes.
Citation varies in different writing disciplines. You must familiarize with all the guidelines in your discipline of the research study. Consult your instructor at all times to learn about the most appropriate citation and referencing style for your paper. When you cite a source for the first time, you should mention the author(s), and title of the source.
If a certain source is fundamental to your research, it is important to introduce it with a sentence or two. This introduction contains a summary of its importance to your ideas. However, you may also introduce it at the beginning of the sentence that has the citation from the source. In this introduction, proceed to describe the author if they are not famous for other academics to figure out the relevance of their works in the field of study. If the source is not fundamental to the pivotal ideas of your paper, no introduction is required.
It is always advisable that you should mention the author’s name in all the instances that you refer to their work within your paper. Always try to paraphrase the original work as you present it in your paper. However, there are instances whereby you feel that the exact words of the previous author best bring out your ideas effectively. In these cases, you should do direct quotations. After direct quotations, you must analyze and explain the quotation in at least two sentences in your words.
Whenever you quote and change the original words, you must indicate the changes that you have made. You must not change too many words from the original quotation. A lot of changes may change the meaning of the quotation resulting in your false claim that the author said something that they did not. Your quotations must be as concise as it is possible. Always make sure that the quotation has the materials necessary to build on your ideas. You are allowed to make stylistic and grammatical changes for the quotes to fit seamlessly in your paper.
In instances of quoting within quotes, you should switch from the normal quotation marks into single quotation marks to differentiate between these quotes. For quotations that are more than three lines, you should change the font of the quote into a noticeably smaller font. You must then double indent the quotation and “left-justify” the text. In these long quotes, you should never use quotation marks. After completing the quotation, always leave 1.5 times the line spacing that you are using for your entire document.
Always have a bibliography for your work. Each bibliography must include names of the authors, the titles of the works, names and locations of the publishing companies. Also they contain, the dates of publication and page numbers from where you resourced your information. In the cases of an annotated bibliography, the bibliographic information is followed by a summarized description of the quality, content, and relevance of the source to your ideas.
The main styles referencing styles include MLA, APA, Chicago and Harvard. The Chicago style is quite flexible because it covers both note citation and parenthetical systems. In APA and MLA, specific formats within a single citation system context are used. The order of appearance of the bibliography in these styles varies. The main components that you are required to observe keenly are title, and page number, publication dates following name of author(s), with the correct punctuations, emphasis, use of italics, and quotation marks.
Harvard referencing, also referred to as parenthetical referencing, contains full or partial in-text citations that are enclosed in parentheses. These citations are embedded in the paragraph. The Chicago style is mainly used in economics, history, and social sciences academic papers. MLA style is used in Humanities and Arts.
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